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Computer and Network Systems (CNS): Core Programs | killexams.com true questions and Pass4sure dumps

NSF Logo

National Science Foundation

Directorate for Computer & Information Science & Engineering     Division of Computer and Network Systems

Submission Window Date(s) (due by 5 p.m. submitter's local time):

     September 24, 2018 - October 02, 2018

LARGE projects

     September 24, 2018 - October 02, 2018

MEDIUM projects

     November 01, 2018 - November 15, 2018

SMALL projects

     September 09, 2019 - September 16, 2019

MEDIUM projects

     September 18, 2019 - September 25, 2019

LARGE projects

     October 31, 2019 - November 14, 2019

SMALL projects

IMPORTANT INFORMATION AND REVISION NOTES

This is a revision of NSF 17-570, the solicitation for the CISE/CNS Core Programs. Significant changes absorb been made to the program description. The revisions include:

  • All proposals must subsist submitted to the “CNS Core” program, rather than the Research in Networking Technology & Systems (NeTS) or Computer Systems Research (CSR) programs.
  • Additional solicitation-specific review criteria, addressing security by design, robustness, manageability, and understanding of the system or system component; evaluation of expected research outcomes; and dissemination plans for independent validation.
  • A Results Dissemination scheme and a Data Management scheme are now required for complete proposals.
  • The requirement of a Collaboration scheme for complete proposals with more than one investigator for MEDIUM proposals and complete big proposals.
  • The addition of unusual submission taxonomy and keyword requirements; these are to subsist included at the discontinuance of the project summary.
  • The Office of Advanced Cyberinfrastructure (OAC) is now fraction of the coordinated solicitation, along with CNS (this solicitation), Computing and Communication Foundations (CCF), and Information and quick-witted Systems (IIS).
  • Broadening Participation in Computing plans are strongly encouraged for Medium and big proposals, and approved plans are required before award.
  • Proposers are asked not to request start dates between July 2 and September 30 of a given year.
  • Eligibility requirements for PIs, co-PIs, and senior personnel are clarified.
  • Evaluation plans are required.
  • The section on Embedded REU Supplements has been removed. Requests for REU supplements may quiet subsist submitted in accordance with applicable NSF Proposal & Award Policies & Procedures sheperd (PAPPG) and CISE guidance.
  • Any proposal submitted in response to this solicitation should subsist submitted in accordance with the revised NSF Proposal & Award Policies & Procedures sheperd (PAPPG) (NSF 18-1), which is efficacious for proposals submitted, or due, on or after January 29, 2018.

    SUMMARY OF PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS General Information

    Program Title:

    Computer and Network Systems (CNS): Core Programs

    Synopsis of Program:

    CISE’s Division of Computer and Network Systems (CNS) supports research and education projects that bewitch a system-oriented approach to the development of novel computing and networking technologies, or to the enhancement of existing systems in any of several dimensions, or that explore unusual ways to gain exhaust of existing technologies.

    Proposers are invited to submit proposals in three project classes, which are defined as follows:

  • Small Projects - up to $500,000 total budget with durations up to three years;
  • Medium Projects - $500,001 to $1,200,000 total budget with durations up to four years; and
  • Large Projects - $1,200,001 to $3,000,000 total budget with durations up to five years.
  • A more complete description of the three project classes can subsist organize in Section II. Program Description of this document.

    Cognizant Program Officer(s):

    Please note that the following information is current at the time of publishing. note program website for any updates to the points of contact.

    Applicable Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number(s):

  • 47.070 --- Computer and Information Science and Engineering
  • Award Information

    Anticipated character of Award: measure grant or Continuing Grant

    Estimated Number of Awards: 100 to 150

    Anticipated Funding Amount: $60,000,000

    $60 million per year, contingent upon the availability of funds.

    Eligibility Information

    Who May Submit Proposals:

    Proposals may only subsist submitted by the following:

  • Institutions of Higher Education (IHEs) - Two- and four-year IHEs (including community colleges) accredited in, and having a campus located in the US, acting on behalf of their faculty members. Special Instructions for International arm Campuses of US IHEs: If the proposal includes funding to subsist provided to an international arm campus of a US institution of higher education (including through exhaust of subawards and consultant arrangements), the proposer must interpret the benefit(s) to the project of performance at the international arm campus, and warrant why the project activities cannot subsist performed at the US campus.
  • Non-profit, non-academic organizations: Independent museums, observatories, research labs, professional societies and similar organizations in the U.S. associated with educational or research activities.
  • Who May Serve as PI:

    As of the submission deadline, PIs, co-PIs, or other senior project personnel must hold primary, full-time, paid appointments in research or teaching positions at US-based campuses/offices of organizations eligible to submit to this solicitation (see above), with exceptions granted for family or medical leave, as determined by the submitting institution. Individuals with primary appointments at for-profit, non-academic organizations, or overseas arm campuses of US IHEs are not eligible, even if they also absorb an appointment at a US campus.

    Limit on Number of Proposals per Organization:

    There are no restrictions or limits.

    Limit on Number of Proposals per PI or Co-PI: 2

    In any contiguous September through November period, an individual may participate as PI, co-PI or Senior Personnel in no more than two proposals across complete size classes submitted in response to the coordinated solicitations (where coordinated solicitations are defined to include the Computer and Network Systems (CNS): Core Programs, Computing and Communication Foundations (CCF): Core Programs, Information and quick-witted Systems (IIS): Core Programs, and the Office of Advanced Cyberinfrastructure (OAC): Core Programs solicitations). For example, between September 2018 and November 2018, an individual may participate as PI, co-PI or Senior Personnel in one proposal submitted to a core program in CCF and in a second proposal submitted to a core program in CNS, or an individual may participate as PI, co-PI or Senior Personnel in two proposals submitted to an IIS core program, etc.

    These eligibility constraints will subsist strictly enforced in order to deal everyone fairly and consistently. In the event that an individual exceeds this limit, proposals received within the restrict will subsist accepted based on earliest date and time of proposal submission (i.e., the first two proposals received will subsist accepted and the residue will subsist returned without review). No exceptions will subsist made.

    The restrict on the number of proposals per PI, co-PI or Senior Personnel applies only to the coordinated solicitations.

    Proposal Preparation and Submission Instructions

    A. Proposal Preparation Instructions

  • Letters of Intent: Not required
  • Preliminary Proposal Submission: Not required
  • B. Budgetary Information

  • Other Budgetary Limitations:

    Other budgetary limitations apply. gladden note the complete text of this solicitation for further information.

  • C. Due Dates

  • Submission Window Date(s) (due by 5 p.m. submitter's local time):

         September 24, 2018 - October 02, 2018

    LARGE projects

         September 24, 2018 - October 02, 2018

    MEDIUM projects

         November 01, 2018 - November 15, 2018

    SMALL projects

         September 09, 2019 - September 16, 2019

    MEDIUM projects

         September 18, 2019 - September 25, 2019

    LARGE projects

         October 31, 2019 - November 14, 2019

    SMALL projects

  • Proposal Review Information Criteria

    Merit Review Criteria:

    National Science Board approved criteria. Additional merit review considerations apply. gladden note the complete text of this solicitation for further information.

    Award Administration Information

    Award Conditions:

    Standard NSF award conditions apply.

    Reporting Requirements:

    Standard NSF reporting requirements apply.

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Summary of Program Requirements

  • Introduction
  • Program Description
  • Award Information
  • Eligibility Information
  • Proposal Preparation and Submission Instructions
  • Proposal Preparation Instructions
  • Budgetary Information
  • Due Dates
  • FastLane/Grants.gov Requirements
  • NSF Proposal Processing and Review Procedures
  • Merit Review Principles and Criteria
  • Review and Selection Process
  • Award Administration Information
  • Notification of the Award
  • Award Conditions
  • Reporting Requirements
  • Agency Contacts
  • Other Information
  • I. INTRODUCTION

    The Division of Computer and Network Systems (CNS) supports research and education activities that lead to novel or enhanced computing and networking technologies, or that explore unusual ways to gain exhaust of existing technologies. The Division seeks to develop a better understanding of the fundamental properties and tradeoffs involved in computer and network systems as well as the abstractions and tools used in designing, building, measuring, and using them.

    II. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION

    The CNS core program deals with complete aspects of computer and network systems. Society's reliance on such systems as infrastructure has grown dramatically in the eventual decade. At the very time, both the resources from which those systems are built—compute, storage, communication networks, and software—and the pass those resources are organized and distributed, absorb continued to evolve rapidly.

    Current and future systems exigency to answer various requirements, both generic and purpose-driven. common system requirements include security, reliability, manageability, usability, and sustainability, as well as cost-effectiveness and fitness for purpose. Depending on the context, other requirements may include performance, privacy-preservation, scalability, responsiveness, and survivability.

    CNS solicits innovative research that considers technology trends and emerging challenges, while emphasizing a systems focus and awareness of the types of requirements mentioned above. This solicitation recognizes the interdependency and blurring of boundaries among computing, storage, and networking (sub)systems and the research associated with them. As such, specific sub-programs are not called out. It is not the intent to restrict the scope of the program, compared to previous solicitations. Rather, the intent is to encourage cross-fertilization among areas of CNS research.

    Research of interest for this solicitation:

  • Explores fundamental principles and creates innovative technologies, protocols, and systems that define the future or—more realistically—harness current and emerging technologies, trends, and applications;
  • Produces practical abstractions, techniques, tools, artifacts, or datasets that address/enhance both common and functional requirements such as those outlined above;
  • Reflects a clear understanding of what each component does and how it interfaces with the relaxation of the system and the environment;
  • Disseminates artifacts in such a pass that others can repeat, reproduce, validate, or otherwise verify the results.
  • Although purely intellectual investigations are within scope, research that takes into account current and future societal needs is encouraged.

    A hallmark of systems research is the investigation and understanding of design tradeoffs that must subsist navigated when designing and implementing systems against the requirements above. Proposals that expose underlying principles or tradeoffs having predictive value that extends across different domains are especially encouraged. Proposers should identify and narrate the systems considered, the objectives or capabilities envisioned, and their expected contribution in the context of the overall system requirements. Three especially well-known illustration requirements are:

  • Secure by design: How can one ensure integrity and confidentiality of networked systems and data? How can one enhance abstractions, delineate permissible actions, implement compliance, and establish security defaults in design processes that anticipate vulnerabilities and provide defense against unforeseen attacks from adversaries?
  • Robustness: How can systems—existing and future—be made more adaptable and resilient to natural and anthropogenic hazards (e.g., weather events, malware, sabotage), as well as other simple or expected events, such as component failures, misconfigurations, and overloads? What innovative approaches would enable one to ensure system robustness and to identify, communicate, and mitigate system anomalies in real-time for outages at both minuscule and big scale?
  • Manageability: What unusual architectures and protocols, measurement and monitoring capabilities are needed to support a growing set of diverse applications? How can these measurements and monitoring capabilities aid in overall system management? What are novel approaches to enable comprehensive, pervasive, accurate, and usable measurement capabilities, near real-time system analytics, and systems management when the systems are massive and at the scale of the Internet? What innovations are needed to enable truly autonomous systems, which are self-managing by definition?
  • In general, any topic having to enact with augmenting, understanding, enhancing, or transforming computing and communication systems undertaken from a systems point of view is within scope.

    Issues that reside primarily at the device or application level and that are highly context-specific will not subsist considered a pleasurable appropriate for this program. Projects that focus exclusively or primarily on cybersecurity threats and countermeasures may subsist a better appropriate for the Secure and Trustworthy Cyberspace (SaTC) program. Projects focused primarily on design or enhancement of sensing and control systems that interact with the physical world may subsist a better appropriate with the Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) program.

    Project Validation Plan: Proposers are strongly encouraged to include a project validation scheme in the Project Description that narrate the underlying setup, processes, mechanisms, and metrics to assess success of the proposed research. Proposers may validate hypotheses using simulations, emulations, testbeds, or a combination of these; architectural validation could occur at a time-scale larger than the project duration, in which case the approach to long-term architecture validation must subsist discussed in the proposal. Proposers are highly recommended to use, when appropriate, the wide array of community infrastructure testbeds that are available as fraction of their validation plan. The proposal must gain clear the intended level of abstraction at which the underlying research will subsist validated.

    Results Dissemination Plan: Proposals submitted to this solicitation must narrate plans to ensure that the research results produced will subsist made available to the extent necessary to validate the findings independently, as indicated in the NSF Proposal & Award Policies & Procedures sheperd (PAPPG) Chapter XI.D.4.

    Data Management Plan: The data management scheme must also narrate steps to ensure that germane software and hardware artifacts, data and the results are available (for a reasonable time) beyond the discontinuance of the project lifecycle. For details, note the Directorate for Computer & Information Science & Engineering (CISE) Data Management scheme at https://www.nsf.gov/cise/cise_dmp.jsp.

    Collaboration Plan: Since the success of collaborative research efforts is known to depend on thoughtful coordination mechanisms that regularly bring together the various participants of the project, a sever Collaboration scheme is required for complete big proposals and complete Medium proposals with more than one investigator. Collaboration Plans are optional for minuscule proposals.

    PROJECT CLASSES

    Proposals submitted to this solicitation must subsist consistent with one of three project classes defined below. Proposals will subsist considered for funding within their project classes.

  • SMALL Projects
  • Small Projects, with total budgets up to $500,000 for durations of up to three years, are well suited to one or two investigators (PI and one co-PI or other Senior Personnel) and at least one student and/or postdoc. A Collaboration scheme (up to 2 pages) may subsist provided under Supplementary Documents. gladden note Proposal Preparation Instructions Section V.A for additional submission guidelines.

  • MEDIUM Projects
  • Medium Projects, with total budgets ranging from $500,001 to $1,200,000 for durations up to four years, are well suited to one or more investigators (PI, co-PI and/or other Senior Personnel) and several students and/or postdocs. Medium project descriptions must subsist comprehensive and well-integrated, and should gain a convincing case that the collaborative contributions of the project team will subsist greater than the sum of each of their individual contributions. Rationale must subsist provided to interpret why a budget of this size is required to carry out the proposed work. Since the success of collaborative research efforts are known to depend on thoughtful coordination mechanisms that regularly bring together the various participants of the project, a Collaboration scheme is required for any Medium project with more than one investigator, even when the investigators are affiliated with the very institution. Up to 2 pages are allowed for Collaboration Plans and they must subsist submitted as a document under Supplementary Documents. The length and level of detail provided in the Collaboration scheme should subsist commensurate with the complexity of the proposed project. Collaboration Plans and proposed budgets should demonstrate that key personnel, and especially lead PIs, absorb allocated adequate time for both their individual technical contributions and the leadership of collaborative activities necessary to realize the synergistic effects of larger-scale research. If a Medium project with more than one investigator does not include a Collaboration Plan, that proposal will subsist returned without review. gladden note Proposal Preparation Instructions Section V.A for additional submission guidelines.

  • LARGE Projects
  • Large Projects, with total budgets ranging from $1,200,001 to $3,000,000 for durations of up to five years, are well suited to two or more investigators (PI, co-PI(s), or other Senior Personnel), and a team of students and/or postdocs. big project descriptions must subsist comprehensive and well-integrated, and should gain a convincing case that the collaborative contributions of the project team will subsist greater than the sum of each of their individual contributions. big projects will typically integrate research from various areas, either within a cluster or across clusters, or tackle ambitious goals not feasible with smaller projects. Rationale must subsist provided to interpret why a budget of this size is required to carry out the proposed work. Since the success of collaborative research efforts are known to depend on thoughtful coordination mechanisms that regularly bring together the various participants of the project, a Collaboration scheme is required for complete big projects, regardless of the number of investigators. Up to 2 pages are allowed for Collaboration Plans and they must subsist submitted as a document under Supplementary Documents. The length and degree of detail provided in the Collaboration scheme should subsist commensurate with the complexity of the proposed project. Collaboration Plans and proposed budgets should demonstrate that key personnel, and especially lead PIs, absorb allocated adequate time for both their individual technical contributions and the leadership of collaborative activities necessary to realize the synergistic effects of larger-scale research. If a big project does not include a Collaboration Plan, that proposal will subsist returned without review. gladden note Proposal Preparation Instructions Section V.A for additional submission guidelines.

  • EVALUATION PLANS

    PIs must include a scheme to evaluate the approaches developed as fraction of the Project Description. Evaluation methods will depend on the research area; examples include results from development of theories, applications of techniques to specific domains, efficacy studies, scalability on local or global scales, generalization, quantifiable usability, robustness, reliability in benign or hostile environments, compatibility with existing environments, performance measures on benchmark datasets, and other such activities. The scheme should subsist confiscate for the size and scope of the project.

    BROADENING PARTICIPATION IN COMPUTING

    CISE has long been committed to Broadening Participation in Computing (BPC). The under-representation of many groups—including women, African Americans, Hispanics, American Indians, Alaska Natives, aboriginal Hawaiians, aboriginal Pacific Islanders, and persons with disabilities—in computing deprives big segments of the population of the chance to subsist creators of technology and not only consumers. Ending underrepresentation will require a attain of measures, including institutional programs and activities as well as culture change across colleges, departments, classes, and research groups.

    With this solicitation, CISE is expanding a pilot exertion started eventual year encouraging the research community to engage in meaningful BPC activities. This unusual activity builds on many of the programs, research, and resources created in CISE's long history of support for BPC, and it aligns with the recommendations of the Strategic scheme for Broadening Participation produced by the CISE Advisory Committee in 2011. Specifically:

  • Each Medium and big project must, by the time of award, absorb in position an approved BPC plan. In this ongoing pilot phase, CISE will labor with each PI team following merit review and prior to making an award to ensure that plans are meaningful and include concrete metrics for success. CISE will also provide opportunities for PIs to partake BPC experiences and innovations through program PI meetings. PIs of Medium and big proposals are therefore strongly encouraged to consider this eventual requirement as they develop their proposals, and to include one- to three-page descriptions of their planned BPC activities under Supplementary Documents in their submissions. Feedback will subsist provided on such plans.
  • PIs submitting to the minuscule size class should note that CISE intends to conduct an evaluation of the effectiveness of the above approach and determine confiscate next steps, including potential further expansion of this exertion in future years. PIs of minuscule proposals are therefore strongly encouraged to include plans, or originate preparing to include plans, for broadening participation activities in their proposals.
  • More information, including examples of BPC activities and metrics, can subsist organize at: https://www.nsf.gov/cise/bpc/.

    PROPOSALS FOR CONSIDERATION BY MULTIPLE CISE PROGRAMS

    Proposals that intersect more than one CISE research program are welcome. In such cases, PIs must identify the most germane programs in the proposal submission process (for information about submission and how to identify such proposals, note Proposal Preparation Instructions later in this document). CISE Program Officers will ensure that these proposals are co-reviewed as appropriate.

    IMPORTANT PROJECT CHARACTERISTICS

    The submission of far-reaching, creative research and education projects is encouraged. Funds will subsist used to support potentially transformative research with high-impact potential. In this way, CISE will catalyze exciting unusual research activities with the potential to gain significant advances in the situation of the art.

    Interdisciplinary, international, and/or academic-industry collaborations that engage to result in major science or engineering advances are welcome. The directorate hopes to attract proposals from faculty at a broad attain of academic institutions, including faculty at minority-serving and predominantly undergraduate institutions.

    Proposals submitted should demonstrate that flush learning experiences will subsist provided for a diverse population of students and may propound the development of innovative curricula or educational materials that promote literacy about and expertise in areas supported by CISE.

    Scientific progress often results by considering a special case of a common problem. If the proposed research falls into this category, PIs can back the reviewers and NSF staff better understand the intellectual merit and/or broader impacts of the proposal by discussing to what extent the findings are likely to generalize.

    In the interest of completeness and transparency, PIs are strongly encouraged to describe, as fraction of their Data Management Plans, how they will provide access to well-documented datasets, modeling and/or simulation tools, and codebases to support reproducibility of their methods. For more information, note the Dear Colleague note “Encouraging Reproducibility in Computing and Communications Research” available at https://www.nsf.gov/publications/pub_summ.jsp?ods_key=nsf17022.

    START DATES

    In order to avoid overdue reports blocking award actions during the discontinuance of a fiscal year, institutions are discouraged from seeking project start dates between July 2 and September 30 of a given year. Awardee institutions may incur allowable pre-award costs within the 90-day period immediately preceding the start date of the grant theme to the conditions specified in the PAPPG; this will allow support for students or other germane activities to originate over this period.

    III. AWARD INFORMATION

    Up to $60 million each year will support up to 150 awards, pending the availability of funds.

    IV. ELIGIBILITY INFORMATION

    Who May Submit Proposals:

    Proposals may only subsist submitted by the following:

  • Institutions of Higher Education (IHEs) - Two- and four-year IHEs (including community colleges) accredited in, and having a campus located in the US, acting on behalf of their faculty members. Special Instructions for International arm Campuses of US IHEs: If the proposal includes funding to subsist provided to an international arm campus of a US institution of higher education (including through exhaust of subawards and consultant arrangements), the proposer must interpret the benefit(s) to the project of performance at the international arm campus, and warrant why the project activities cannot subsist performed at the US campus.
  • Non-profit, non-academic organizations: Independent museums, observatories, research labs, professional societies and similar organizations in the U.S. associated with educational or research activities.
  • Who May Serve as PI:

    As of the submission deadline, PIs, co-PIs, or other senior project personnel must hold primary, full-time, paid appointments in research or teaching positions at US-based campuses/offices of organizations eligible to submit to this solicitation (see above), with exceptions granted for family or medical leave, as determined by the submitting institution. Individuals with primary appointments at for-profit, non-academic organizations, or overseas arm campuses of US IHEs are not eligible, even if they also absorb an appointment at a US campus.

    Limit on Number of Proposals per Organization:

    There are no restrictions or limits.

    Limit on Number of Proposals per PI or Co-PI: 2

    In any contiguous September through November period, an individual may participate as PI, co-PI or Senior Personnel in no more than two proposals across complete size classes submitted in response to the coordinated solicitations (where coordinated solicitations are defined to include the Computer and Network Systems (CNS): Core Programs, Computing and Communication Foundations (CCF): Core Programs, Information and quick-witted Systems (IIS): Core Programs, and the Office of Advanced Cyberinfrastructure (OAC): Core Programs solicitations). For example, between September 2018 and November 2018, an individual may participate as PI, co-PI or Senior Personnel in one proposal submitted to a core program in CCF and in a second proposal submitted to a core program in CNS, or an individual may participate as PI, co-PI or Senior Personnel in two proposals submitted to an IIS core program, etc.

    These eligibility constraints will subsist strictly enforced in order to deal everyone fairly and consistently. In the event that an individual exceeds this limit, proposals received within the restrict will subsist accepted based on earliest date and time of proposal submission (i.e., the first two proposals received will subsist accepted and the residue will subsist returned without review). No exceptions will subsist made.

    The restrict on the number of proposals per PI, co-PI or Senior Personnel applies only to the coordinated solicitations.

    Additional Eligibility Info:

    Subawards are not permitted to overseas arm campuses/offices of US-based proposing organizations eligible to submit to this solicitation.

    V. PROPOSAL PREPARATION AND SUBMISSION INSTRUCTIONS A. Proposal Preparation Instructions

    Full Proposal Preparation Instructions: Proposers may opt to submit proposals in response to this Program Solicitation via Grants.gov or via the NSF FastLane system.

  • Full proposals submitted via FastLane: Proposals submitted in response to this program solicitation should subsist prepared and submitted in accordance with the common guidelines contained in the NSF Proposal & Award Policies & Procedures sheperd (PAPPG). The complete text of the PAPPG is available electronically on the NSF website at: https://www.nsf.gov/publications/pub_summ.jsp?ods_key=pappg. Paper copies of the PAPPG may subsist obtained from the NSF Publications Clearinghouse, telephone (703) 292-7827 or by e-mail from nsfpubs@nsf.gov. Proposers are reminded to identify this program solicitation number in the program solicitation obscure on the NSF Cover Sheet For Proposal to the National Science Foundation. Compliance with this requirement is critical to determining the germane proposal processing guidelines. Failure to submit this information may delay processing.
  • Full proposals submitted via Grants.gov: Proposals submitted in response to this program solicitation via Grants.gov should subsist prepared and submitted in accordance with the NSF Grants.gov Application Guide: A sheperd for the Preparation and Submission of NSF Applications via Grants.gov. The complete text of the NSF Grants.gov Application sheperd is available on the Grants.gov website and on the NSF website at: (https://www.nsf.gov/publications/pub_summ.jsp?ods_key=grantsgovguide). To obtain copies of the Application sheperd and Application Forms Package, click on the Apply tab on the Grants.gov site, then click on the Apply Step 1: Download a grant Application Package and Application Instructions link and enter the funding chance number, (the program solicitation number without the NSF prefix) and press the Download Package button. Paper copies of the Grants.gov Application sheperd also may subsist obtained from the NSF Publications Clearinghouse, telephone (703) 292-7827 or by e-mail from nsfpubs@nsf.gov.
  • In determining which fashion to utilize in the electronic preparation and submission of the proposal, gladden note the following:

    Collaborative Proposals. complete collaborative proposals submitted as sever submissions from multiple organizations must subsist submitted via the NSF FastLane system. PAPPG Chapter II.D.3 provides additional information on collaborative proposals.

    See PAPPG Chapter II.C.2 for guidance on the required sections of a complete research proposal submitted to NSF. gladden note that the proposal preparation instructions provided in this program solicitation may deviate from the PAPPG instructions.

    The following information SUPPLEMENTS (note that it does NOT replace) the guidelines provided in the NSF.

    Cover Sheet: PIs submitting grant Opportunities for Academic Liaison with Industry (GOALI) proposals should select “GOALI” from the character of Proposal drop down list in the Proposal Preparation module in FastLane or Grants.gov. gladden note Chapter II.E.4 of the PAPPG for additional information about preparing a GOALI proposal: https://www.nsf.gov/pubs/policydocs/pappg17_1/pappg_2.jsp#IIE4.

    Proposal Titles:

    Proposal titles should originate with "CNS Core", followed with a colon, then the project class followed by a colon, then the title of your project. For example, if you are submitting a Medium proposal, then your title would subsist CNS Core: Medium: Title.

    If you submit a proposal as fraction of a set of collaborative proposals, the title of the proposal should originate with "CNS Core" followed by a colon, then the project class followed by a colon, then "Collaborative Research" followed by a colon, and the title. For example, if you are submitting a collaborative set of proposals for a big project the title of each would subsist CNS Core: Large: Collaborative Research: Title.

    Proposals from PIs in institutions that absorb RUI (Research in Undergraduate Institutions) eligibility should absorb a proposal title that begins "CNS Core", followed by a colon then the project class, followed by a colon then "RUI", followed by a colon and then the title, for example, CNS Core: Small: RUI: Title.

    PIs submitting GOALI proposals should absorb a proposal title that begins "CNS Core", followed by a colon then the project class, followed by a colon then "GOALI", followed by a colon and then the title, for example, CNS Core: Small: GOALI: Title.

    Proposals that extend beyond the scope of one CISE core program or locality are welcome. Proposals should subsist submitted in response to the solicitation for the CISE division (CCF, CNS, IIS, or OAC) that includes the most germane core program. In such cases, PIs should identify the acronym for the most germane core program or area, followed by any other germane program acronym(s) separated by colons (for example, CNS Core: CHS: Medium: Title). In this case, the proposal would subsist submitted to the CNS solicitation and would subsist considered by both the CNS Core and Cyber-Human Systems (CHS) programs. CNS Program Officers will labor with their NSF and CISE colleagues to ensure that these proposals are appropriately reviewed and considered for funding. gladden note the coordinated CCF, IIS, and OAC solicitations for information on other CISE core programs and the corresponding acronyms.

    Project Summary:

    The Project Summary consists of an overview, a statement on the intellectual merit of the proposed activity, a statement on the broader impacts of the proposed activity, and a set of keywords.

    To assist the proposers and the NSF in identifying a “home” for submissions to this program, proposers are required to select keywords in each of the following four dimensions. The first dimension describes the most germane systems topic area; the second dimension identifies the context or class of systems; the third dimension corresponds to the primary goal or objective of the proposed work, and the fourth indicates any specialized lore or techniques to subsist applied (for illustration machine learning, game theory, etc.). Proposers must select at least one keyword from each list below for the first three dimensions; the fourth dimension should subsist filled in if any specialized technique is proposed, otherwise "none" should subsist indicated.

    The required keywords should subsist input in order, with each dimension delimited by square brackets ("[" and "]"), and multiple keywords within a dimension separated by commas.

    Dimension 1: Topic Area

  • Compilers and Programming Languages
  • Computer Architecture
  • Distributed Systems
  • File Systems
  • Middleware/Services
  • Operating Systems
  • Software Defined Infrastructure/Virtualization
  • Wired Networks
  • Wireless Networks
  • Dimension 2: Target Context or Platform Class

  • Access Networks
  • Application Services
  • Content Delivery Networks
  • Data hub Networks
  • Mobile Systems
  • Cluster/Data Center
  • Cloud/Edge
  • Enterprise Networks
  • High Performance Computing
  • Network Architecture
  • Network Protocols
  • Optical Networks
  • Storage Systems
  • Vehicular Networks
  • Dimension 3: Target Requirement

  • Cost
  • Fairness
  • Quality of (experience, service)
  • Manageability
  • Measurability
  • Performance (throughput, latency)
  • Power/energy improvements
  • Real-time
  • Reliability
  • Robustness
  • Security
  • Scalability
  • Spectrum Coexistence
  • Dimension 4: Techniques

    Projects contemplating application of particular lore or techniques (e.g., graph theory, game theory, control theory, machine learning, network coding, formal methods, and so on) should include keywords to attest the specialized lore to subsist applied.

    Up to 6 additional proposal specific keywords may subsist added following these four required classifiers, without square bracket delimiters.

    For example, a proposal to exhaust machine learning to develop low-cost file system abstractions for content delivery in low-latency edge environments might absorb the following string in the Keywords field:

    [File Systems] [Access Networks] [Cost, Performance] [machine learning]

    A project focused on compilers to enhance manageability in enterprise networks could absorb the following as Keywords:

    [Compilers and Programming Languages] [Enterprise Networks] [Manageability] [none]

    A proposal on mmWave beamforming using machine learning could absorb the following Keywords:

    [Wireless Networks] [Access Networks] [Performance] [Machine Learning] mmWave, Beamforming

    The list of keywords should subsist the eventual paragraph of the Overview section of the Project Summary.

    Project Description:

    Length of Project Description - narrate the research and education activities to subsist undertaken in up to 15 pages for minuscule and Medium proposals and in up to 20 pages for big proposals. Proposals that exceed these limits will subsist returned without review.

    PIs submitting to the minuscule size class should note that CISE intends to conduct an evaluation of the effectiveness of the BPC pilot approach and determine confiscate next steps, including potential further expansion of this exertion in future years. PIs of minuscule proposals are therefore strongly encouraged to include plans, or originate preparing to include plans, for broadening participation activities in the Broader Impacts sections of their proposals.

    Supplementary Documents:

    In the Supplementary Documents section, upload the following information where relevant:

  • A list of Project Personnel and colleague Institutions (Note: In collaborative proposals, the lead institution should provide this information for complete participants):
  • Provide current, accurate information for complete personnel and institutions involved in the project. NSF staff will exhaust this information in the merit review process to manage reviewer selection. The list must include complete PIs, Co-PIs, Senior Personnel, paid/unpaid Consultants or Collaborators, Subawardees, Postdocs, and project-level advisory committee members. This list should subsist numbered and include (in this order) complete name, Organization(s), and Role in the project, with each item separated by a semi-colon. Each person listed should start a unusual numbered line. For example:

  • Mary Smith; XYZ University; PI
  • John Jones; University of PQR; Senior Personnel
  • Jane Brown; XYZ University; Postdoc
  • Bob Adams; ABC Community College; Paid Consultant
  • Susan White; DEF Corporation; Unpaid Collaborator
  • Tim Green; ZZZ University; Subawardee
  • Note: In collaborative proposals, the lead institution should provide this information for complete participants.

    Since the success of collaborative research efforts are known to depend on thoughtful coordination mechanisms that regularly bring together the various participants of the project, complete Medium proposals that include more than one investigator and complete big proposals must include a Collaboration scheme of up to 2 pages. The length of and degree of detail provided in the Collaboration scheme should subsist commensurate with the complexity of the proposed project. Where appropriate, the Collaboration scheme might include: 1) the specific roles of the project participants in complete organizations involved; 2) information on how the project will subsist managed across complete the investigators, institutions, and/or disciplines; 3) identification of the specific coordination mechanisms that will enable cross-investigator, cross-institution, and/or cross-discipline scientific integration (e.g., yearly conferences, graduate student exchange, project meetings at conferences, exhaust of the grid for videoconferences, software repositories, etc.); and 4) specific references to the budget line items that support collaboration and coordination mechanisms. If a big proposal, or a Medium proposal with more than one investigator, does not include a Collaboration scheme of up to 2 pages, that proposal will subsist returned without review.

  • Collaboration Plans for Medium and big projects (if applicable):

    Proposals must include a Supplementary Document of no more than two pages labeled "Data Management Plan." This Supplementary Document should narrate how the proposal will conform to NSF policy on the dissemination and sharing of research results.

    See Chapter II.C.2.j of the PAPPG for complete policy implementation.

    For additional information on the Dissemination and Sharing of Research Results, see: https://www.nsf.gov/bfa/dias/policy/dmp.jsp.

    For specific guidance for Data Management Plans submitted to the Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering (CISE) see: https://www.nsf.gov/cise/cise_dmp.jsp.

  • Data Management scheme (required):

    Proposals submitted to this solicitation must narrate plans to ensure that the research results produced will subsist made available to the extent necessary to validate the findings independently, as indicated in the NSF Proposal & Award Policies & Procedures sheperd (PAPPG) Chapter XI.D.4.

  • Results Dissemination scheme (required):

    Each Medium/Large project must, by the time of award, absorb in position an approved BPC plan. In this ongoing pilot phase, CISE will labor with each PI team prior to making an award to ensure that plans are meaningful and include concrete metrics for success. CISE will also provide opportunities for PIs to partake BPC experiences and innovations through program PI meetings. PIs of Medium/Large proposals are therefore strongly encouraged to consider this eventual requirement as they develop their proposals, and to include descriptions (of one to three pages) of their planned BPC activities under Supplementary Documents in their submissions. Feedback will subsist provided on such plans.

  • Broadening Participation in Computing (BPC) Plans for Medium and big projects:

    There are two types of collaboration, one involving individuals/organizations that are included in the budget, and the other involving individuals/organizations that are not included in the budget. Collaborations that are included in the budget should subsist described in the Project Description. Any substantial collaboration with individuals/organizations not included in the budget should subsist described in the Facilities, equipment and Other Resources section of the proposal (see PAPPG Chapter II.C.2.i). In either case, whether or not the collaborator is included in the budget, a note of collaboration from each named participating organization other than the submitting lead, non-lead, and/or subawardee institutions should subsist provided at the time of submission of the proposal. Such letters should explicitly situation the nature of the collaboration, emerge on the organization's letterhead and subsist signed by the confiscate organizational representative. These letters must not otherwise deviate from the restrictions and requirements set forth in the PAPPG, Chapter II.C.2.j.

    Please note that letters of support may not subsist submitted. Such letters enact not document collaborative arrangements of significance to the project, but primarily convey a sense of enthusiasm for the project and/or highlight the qualifications of the PI or co-PI. Reviewers will subsist instructed not to consider these letters of support in reviewing the merits of the proposal.

  • Documentation of collaborative arrangements of significance to the proposal through Letters of Collaboration:

    RUI Proposals: PIs from predominantly undergraduate institutions should include a Research in Undergraduate Institutions (RUI) repercussion Statement and Certification of RUI Eligibility in this section.

    GOALI proposals: PIs submitting GOALI proposals should include industry-university agreement letters on intellectual property in this section.

    No other Supplementary Documents, except as permitted by the NSF PAPPG, are allowed.

    Single Copy Documents:

    Collaborators and Other Affiliations Information:

    Proposers should follow the guidance specified in Chapter II.C.1.e of the NSF PAPPG.

    Note the distinction to item (1) under Supplementary Documents above: the listing of complete project participants is collected by the project lead and entered as a Supplementary Document, which is then automatically included with complete proposals in a project. The Collaborators and Other Affiliations are entered for each participant within each proposal and, as sole Copy Documents, are available only to NSF staff.

    Collaborators and Other Affiliations due to participants listed on item (1) under Supplementary Documents above who are not PIs, co-PIs, or Senior Personnel can subsist uploaded under Additional sole Copy Documents using Transfer File.

  • Other specialized information:
  • Submission Checklist:

    In an exertion to assist proposal preparation, the following checklists are provided as a reminder of the items that should subsist checked before submitting a proposal to this solicitation. These are a summary of the requirements described above. For the items marked with (RWR), the proposal will subsist returned without review if the required item is noncompliant at the submission deadline. Note that there are four lists: (1) for complete proposals, unique to this solicitation; (2) additional requirements for minuscule proposals; (3) additional requirements for Medium proposals; and (4) additional requirements for big proposals.

  • For complete proposals, regardless of size:
  • All proposals must subsist submitted to the “CNS Core” program, rather than the Research in Networking Technology & Systems (NeTS) or Computer Systems Research (CSR) programs.
  • Should include a Results Dissemination scheme and Data Management Plan.
  • The Project Summary must contain the set of required dimensional keywords, input in order, with each dimension delimited by square brackets ("[" and "]"), and multiple keywords within a dimension separated by commas.
  • The title should start with one of the following strings (submissions intended for CNS and also additional core programs described in the CCF, IIS, or OAC core solicitations should follow a similar pattern):
  • CNS Core: Small:
  • CNS Core: Small: Collaborative:
  • In addition to the above title prefixes, proposals from PIs in institutions that absorb RUI (Research in Undergraduate Institutions) eligibility should include "RUI:" immediately before the proposal title, for example, CNS Core: Small: RUI: Title, and should include a Research in Undergraduate Institutions repercussion Statement and Certification of RUI Eligibility. Similarly, PIs submitting grant Opportunities for Academic Liaison with Industry (GOALI) proposals should select “GOALI” from the character of Proposal drop down list in the Proposal Preparation module in FastLane or Grants.gov; and include "GOALI:" immediately before the proposal title, for example, CNS Core: Small: GOALI: Title.
  • (RWR) Maximum budget shown on the Cover Sheet and on the budget pages must not exceed $500,000, including complete institutions in a collaborative proposal, plus funds for embedded REU supplements.
  • (RWR) The Project Description is limited to no more than 15 pages.
  • A Collaboration scheme (up to 2 pages) may subsist provided as a Supplementary Document. If provided, the collaboration scheme should include complete institutions participating, not a sever scheme for each institution.
  • For minuscule proposals:
  • The title should start with one of the following strings (submissions intended for CNS and also additional core programs described in the in the CCF, IIS, or OAC core solicitations should follow a similar pattern):
  • CNS Core: Medium:
  • CNS Core: Medium: Collaborative:
  • In addition to the above title prefixes, proposals from PIs in institutions that absorb RUI (Research in Undergraduate Institutions) eligibility should include "RUI:" immediately before the proposal title, for example, CNS Core: Medium: RUI: Title, and should include a Research in Undergraduate Institutions repercussion Statement and Certification of RUI Eligibility. Similarly, PIs submitting grant Opportunities for Academic Liaison with Industry (GOALI) proposals should select “GOALI” from the character of Proposal drop down list in the Proposal Preparation module in FastLane or Grants.gov; and include "GOALI:" immediately before the proposal title, for example, CNS Core: Medium: GOALI: Title.
  • (RWR) The budget shown on the Cover Sheet and on the budget pages must subsist $500,001 to $1,200,000, including complete institutions in a collaborative proposal, plus funds for embedded REU supplements.
  • (RWR) The Project Description is limited to no more than 15 pages.
  • (RWR) If there is more than one investigator, a Collaboration scheme (up to 2 pages) must subsist provided as a Supplementary Document, even if complete investigators are affiliated with the very institution. The Collaboration scheme should include complete institutions participating, not a sever scheme for each institution.
  • A BPC scheme (of one to three pages) should subsist provided as a Supplementary Document.
  • For Medium proposals:
  • The title should start with one of the following strings (submissions intended for CNS and also additional core programs described in the CCF, IIS, or OAC core solicitations should follow a similar pattern, assuming that complete listed programs are accepting big proposals):
  • CNS Core: Large:
  • CNS Core: Large: Collaborative:
  • In addition to the above title prefixes, proposals from PIs in institutions that absorb RUI (Research in Undergraduate Institutions) eligibility should include "RUI:" immediately before the proposal title, for example, CNS Core: Large: RUI: Title, and should include a Research in Undergraduate Institutions repercussion Statement and Certification of RUI Eligibility. Similarly, PIs submitting grant Opportunities for Academic Liaison with Industry (GOALI) proposals should select “GOALI” from the character of Proposal drop down list in the Proposal Preparation module in FastLane or Grants.gov; and include "GOALI:" immediately before the proposal title, for example, CNS Core: Large: GOALI: Title.
  • (RWR) The budget shown on the Cover Sheet and on the budget pages must subsist $1,200,001 to $3,000,000, including complete institutions in a collaborative proposal, plus funds for embedded REU supplements.
  • (RWR) The Project Description is limited to no more than 20 pages.
  • (RWR) A Collaboration scheme (up to 2 pages) must subsist provided as a Supplementary Document, even if complete investigators are affiliated with the very institution. The Collaboration scheme should include complete institutions participating, not a sever scheme for each institution.
  • A BPC scheme (of one to three pages) should subsist provided as a Supplementary Document.
  • For big proposals:
  • Proposals that enact not comply with the requirements marked as RWR will subsist returned without review.

    B. Budgetary Information

    Cost Sharing:

    Inclusion of deliberate committed cost sharing is prohibited.

    Other Budgetary Limitations:

    Other budgetary limitations apply. gladden note the complete text of this solicitation for further information.

    C. Due Dates
  • Submission Window Date(s) (due by 5 p.m. submitter's local time):

         September 24, 2018 - October 02, 2018

    LARGE projects

         September 24, 2018 - October 02, 2018

    MEDIUM projects

         November 01, 2018 - November 15, 2018

    SMALL projects

         September 09, 2019 - September 16, 2019

    MEDIUM projects

         September 18, 2019 - September 25, 2019

    LARGE projects

         October 31, 2019 - November 14, 2019

    SMALL projects

  • D. FastLane/Grants.gov Requirements

    For Proposals Submitted Via FastLane:

    To prepare and submit a proposal via FastLane, note detailed technical instructions available at: https://www.fastlane.nsf.gov/a1/newstan.htm. For FastLane user support, muster the FastLane back Desk at 1-800-673-6188 or e-mail fastlane@nsf.gov. The FastLane back Desk answers common technical questions related to the exhaust of the FastLane system. Specific questions related to this program solicitation should subsist referred to the NSF program staff contact(s) listed in Section VIII of this funding opportunity.

    For Proposals Submitted Via Grants.gov:

    Before using Grants.gov for the first time, each organization must register to create an institutional profile. Once registered, the applicant's organization can then apply for any federal grant on the Grants.gov website. Comprehensive information about using Grants.gov is available on the Grants.gov Applicant Resources webpage: http://www.grants.gov/web/grants/applicants.html. In addition, the NSF Grants.gov Application sheperd (see link in Section V.A) provides instructions regarding the technical preparation of proposals via Grants.gov. For Grants.gov user support, contact the Grants.gov Contact hub at 1-800-518-4726 or by email: support@grants.gov. The Grants.gov Contact hub answers common technical questions related to the exhaust of Grants.gov. Specific questions related to this program solicitation should subsist referred to the NSF program staff contact(s) listed in Section VIII of this solicitation.

    Submitting the Proposal: Once complete documents absorb been completed, the Authorized Organizational Representative (AOR) must submit the application to Grants.gov and verify the desired funding chance and agency to which the application is submitted. The AOR must then badge and submit the application to Grants.gov. The completed application will subsist transferred to the NSF FastLane system for further processing.

    Proposers that submitted via FastLane are strongly encouraged to exhaust FastLane to verify the status of their submission to NSF. For proposers that submitted via Grants.gov, until an application has been received and validated by NSF, the Authorized Organizational Representative may check the status of an application on Grants.gov. After proposers absorb received an e-mail notification from NSF, Research.gov should subsist used to check the status of an application.

    VI. NSF PROPOSAL PROCESSING AND REVIEW PROCEDURES

    Proposals received by NSF are assigned to the confiscate NSF program for acknowledgement and, if they meet NSF requirements, for review. complete proposals are carefully reviewed by a scientist, engineer, or educator serving as an NSF Program Officer, and usually by three to ten other persons outside NSF either as ad hoc reviewers, panelists, or both, who are experts in the particular fields represented by the proposal. These reviewers are selected by Program Officers charged with oversight of the review process. Proposers are invited to insinuate names of persons they believe are especially well qualified to review the proposal and/or persons they would prefer not review the proposal. These suggestions may serve as one source in the reviewer selection process at the Program Officer's discretion. Submission of such names, however, is optional. suffuse is taken to ensure that reviewers absorb no conflicts of interest with the proposal. In addition, Program Officers may obtain comments from site visits before recommending final action on proposals. Senior NSF staff further review recommendations for awards. A flowchart that depicts the entire NSF proposal and award process (and associated timeline) is included in PAPPG Exhibit III-1.

    A comprehensive description of the Foundation's merit review process is available on the NSF website at: https://www.nsf.gov/bfa/dias/policy/merit_review/.

    Proposers should also subsist sensible of core strategies that are essential to the fulfillment of NSF's mission, as articulated in structure the Future: Investing in Discovery and Innovation - NSF Strategic scheme for Fiscal Years (FY) 2018 – 2022. These strategies are integrated in the program planning and implementation process, of which proposal review is one part. NSF's mission is particularly well-implemented through the integration of research and education and broadening participation in NSF programs, projects, and activities.

    One of the strategic objectives in support of NSF's mission is to foster integration of research and education through the programs, projects, and activities it supports at academic and research institutions. These institutions must recruit, train, and prepare a diverse stem workforce to promote the frontiers of science and participate in the U.S. technology-based economy. NSF's contribution to the national innovation ecosystem is to provide cutting-edge research under the guidance of the Nation's most creative scientists and engineers. NSF also supports development of a tough science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workforce by investing in structure the lore that informs improvements in stem teaching and learning.

    NSF's mission calls for the broadening of opportunities and expanding participation of groups, institutions, and geographic regions that are underrepresented in stem disciplines, which is essential to the health and vitality of science and engineering. NSF is committed to this principle of diversity and deems it central to the programs, projects, and activities it considers and supports.

    A. Merit Review Principles and Criteria

    The National Science Foundation strives to invest in a robust and diverse portfolio of projects that creates unusual lore and enables breakthroughs in understanding across complete areas of science and engineering research and education. To identify which projects to support, NSF relies on a merit review process that incorporates consideration of both the technical aspects of a proposed project and its potential to contribute more broadly to advancing NSF's mission "to promote the progress of science; to promote the national health, prosperity, and welfare; to secure the national defense; and for other purposes." NSF makes every exertion to conduct a fair, competitive, transparent merit review process for the selection of projects.

    1. Merit Review Principles

    These principles are to subsist given due diligence by PIs and organizations when preparing proposals and managing projects, by reviewers when reading and evaluating proposals, and by NSF program staff when determining whether or not to recommend proposals for funding and while overseeing awards. Given that NSF is the primary federal agency charged with nurturing and supporting excellence in basic research and education, the following three principles apply:

  • All NSF projects should subsist of the highest trait and absorb the potential to advance, if not transform, the frontiers of knowledge.
  • NSF projects, in the aggregate, should contribute more broadly to achieving societal goals. These "Broader Impacts" may subsist accomplished through the research itself, through activities that are directly related to specific research projects, or through activities that are supported by, but are complementary to, the project. The project activities may subsist based on previously established and/or innovative methods and approaches, but in either case must subsist well justified.
  • Meaningful assessment and evaluation of NSF funded projects should subsist based on confiscate metrics, keeping in intelligence the likely correlation between the effect of broader impacts and the resources provided to implement projects. If the size of the activity is limited, evaluation of that activity in isolation is not likely to subsist meaningful. Thus, assessing the effectiveness of these activities may best subsist done at a higher, more aggregated, level than the individual project.
  • With respect to the third principle, even if assessment of Broader Impacts outcomes for particular projects is done at an aggregated level, PIs are expected to subsist accountable for carrying out the activities described in the funded project. Thus, individual projects should include clearly stated goals, specific descriptions of the activities that the PI intends to do, and a scheme in position to document the outputs of those activities.

    These three merit review principles provide the basis for the merit review criteria, as well as a context within which the users of the criteria can better understand their intent.

    2. Merit Review Criteria

    All NSF proposals are evaluated through exhaust of the two National Science Board approved merit review criteria. In some instances, however, NSF will employ additional criteria as required to highlight the specific objectives of certain programs and activities.

    The two merit review criteria are listed below. Both criteria are to subsist given complete consideration during the review and decision-making processes; each criterion is necessary but neither, by itself, is sufficient. Therefore, proposers must fully address both criteria. (PAPPG Chapter II.C.2.d(i). contains additional information for exhaust by proposers in development of the Project Description section of the proposal). Reviewers are strongly encouraged to review the criteria, including PAPPG Chapter II.C.2.d(i), prior to the review of a proposal.

    When evaluating NSF proposals, reviewers will subsist asked to consider what the proposers want to do, why they want to enact it, how they scheme to enact it, how they will know if they succeed, and what benefits could accrue if the project is successful. These issues apply both to the technical aspects of the proposal and the pass in which the project may gain broader contributions. To that end, reviewers will subsist asked to evaluate complete proposals against two criteria:

  • Intellectual Merit: The Intellectual Merit criterion encompasses the potential to promote knowledge; and
  • Broader Impacts: The Broader Impacts criterion encompasses the potential to profit society and contribute to the achievement of specific, desired societal outcomes.
  • The following elements should subsist considered in the review for both criteria:

  • What is the potential for the proposed activity to
  • Advance lore and understanding within its own territory or across different fields (Intellectual Merit); and
  • Benefit society or promote desired societal outcomes (Broader Impacts)?
  • To what extent enact the proposed activities insinuate and explore creative, original, or potentially transformative concepts?
  • Is the scheme for carrying out the proposed activities well-reasoned, well-organized, and based on a sound rationale? Does the scheme incorporate a mechanism to assess success?
  • How well qualified is the individual, team, or organization to conduct the proposed activities?
  • Are there adequate resources available to the PI (either at the home organization or through collaborations) to carry out the proposed activities?
  • Broader impacts may subsist accomplished through the research itself, through the activities that are directly related to specific research projects, or through activities that are supported by, but are complementary to, the project. NSF values the advancement of scientific lore and activities that contribute to achievement of societally germane outcomes. Such outcomes include, but are not limited to: complete participation of women, persons with disabilities, and underrepresented minorities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM); improved stem education and educator development at any level; increased public scientific literacy and public engagement with science and technology; improved well-being of individuals in society; development of a diverse, globally competitive stem workforce; increased partnerships between academia, industry, and others; improved national security; increased economic competitiveness of the United States; and enhanced infrastructure for research and education.

    Proposers are reminded that reviewers will also subsist asked to review the Data Management scheme and the Postdoctoral Researcher Mentoring Plan, as appropriate.

    Additional Solicitation Specific Review Criteria

    For complete proposals, reviewers will subsist asked to consider:

  • How well does the proposed labor address and promote the following?
  • Secure-by-design systems;
  • Manageability of the system under consideration; and/or
  • Fundamental understanding of the system or system component.
  • How well does the proposal narrate an evaluation scheme that assesses and where confiscate quantifies the expected research outcomes?
  • How well does the proposal narrate research dissemination plans to ensure that the research results can subsist validated independently?
  • For big and germane Medium proposals, reviewers will subsist asked to:

  • Comment on the extent to which the project scope justifies the level of investment requested, and the degree to which the Collaboration scheme (if required) adequately demonstrates that the participating investigators will labor synergistically to accomplish the project objectives.
  • Comment on whether key personnel, and especially lead PIs, absorb allocated adequate time for both their individual technical contributions and the leadership of collaborative activities necessary to realize the synergistic effects of larger-scale research.
  • B. Review and Selection Process

    Proposals submitted in response to this program solicitation will subsist reviewed by Ad hoc Review and/or Panel Review.

    Reviewers will subsist asked to evaluate proposals using two National Science Board approved merit review criteria and, if applicable, additional program specific criteria. A summary rating and accompanying narrative will generally subsist completed and submitted by each reviewer and/or panel. The Program Officer assigned to manage the proposal's review will consider the counsel of reviewers and will formulate a recommendation.

    After scientific, technical and programmatic review and consideration of confiscate factors, the NSF Program Officer recommends to the cognizant Division Director whether the proposal should subsist declined or recommended for award. NSF strives to subsist able to declare applicants whether their proposals absorb been declined or recommended for funding within six months. big or particularly complicated proposals or proposals from unusual awardees may require additional review and processing time. The time interval begins on the deadline or target date, or receipt date, whichever is later. The interval ends when the Division Director acts upon the Program Officer's recommendation.

    After programmatic approval has been obtained, the proposals recommended for funding will subsist forwarded to the Division of Grants and Agreements for review of business, financial, and policy implications. After an administrative review has occurred, Grants and Agreements Officers execute the processing and issuance of a grant or other agreement. Proposers are cautioned that only a Grants and Agreements Officer may gain commitments, obligations or awards on behalf of NSF or authorize the expenditure of funds. No commitment on the fraction of NSF should subsist inferred from technical or budgetary discussions with a NSF Program Officer. A Principal Investigator or organization that makes monetary or personnel commitments in the absence of a grant or cooperative agreement signed by the NSF Grants and Agreements Officer does so at their own risk.

    Once an award or declination decision has been made, Principal Investigators are provided feedback about their proposals. In complete cases, reviews are treated as confidential documents. Verbatim copies of reviews, excluding the names of the reviewers or any reviewer-identifying information, are sent to the Principal Investigator/Project Director by the Program Officer. In addition, the proposer will receive an explanation of the decision to award or decline funding.

    VII. AWARD ADMINISTRATION INFORMATION A. Notification of the Award

    Notification of the award is made to the submitting organization by a Grants Officer in the Division of Grants and Agreements. Organizations whose proposals are declined will subsist advised as promptly as practicable by the cognizant NSF Program administering the program. Verbatim copies of reviews, not including the identity of the reviewer, will subsist provided automatically to the Principal Investigator. (See Section VI.B. for additional information on the review process).

    B. Award Conditions

    An NSF award consists of: (1) the award notice, which includes any special provisions applicable to the award and any numbered amendments thereto; (2) the budget, which indicates the amounts, by categories of expense, on which NSF has based its support (or otherwise communicates any specific approvals or disapprovals of proposed expenditures); (3) the proposal referenced in the award notice; (4) the applicable award conditions, such as grant common Conditions (GC-1)*; or Research Terms and Conditions* and (5) any announcement or other NSF issuance that may subsist incorporated by reference in the award notice. Cooperative agreements also are administered in accordance with NSF Cooperative Agreement monetary and Administrative Terms and Conditions (CA-FATC) and the applicable Programmatic Terms and Conditions. NSF awards are electronically signed by an NSF Grants and Agreements Officer and transmitted electronically to the organization via e-mail.

    *These documents may subsist accessed electronically on NSF's Website at https://www.nsf.gov/awards/managing/award_conditions.jsp?org=NSF. Paper copies may subsist obtained from the NSF Publications Clearinghouse, telephone (703) 292-7827 or by e-mail from nsfpubs@nsf.gov.

    More comprehensive information on NSF Award Conditions and other well-known information on the administration of NSF awards is contained in the NSF Proposal & Award Policies & Procedures sheperd (PAPPG) Chapter VII, available electronically on the NSF Website at https://www.nsf.gov/publications/pub_summ.jsp?ods_key=pappg.

    C. Reporting Requirements

    For complete multi-year grants (including both measure and continuing grants), the Principal Investigator must submit an annual project report to the cognizant Program Officer no later than 90 days prior to the discontinuance of the current budget period. (Some programs or awards require submission of more frequent project reports). No later than 120 days following expiration of a grant, the PI also is required to submit a final project report, and a project outcomes report for the common public.

    Failure to provide the required annual or final project reports, or the project outcomes report, will delay NSF review and processing of any future funding increments as well as any pending proposals for complete identified PIs and co-PIs on a given award. PIs should examine the formats of the required reports in promote to assure availability of required data.

    PIs are required to exhaust NSF's electronic project-reporting system, available through Research.gov, for preparation and submission of annual and final project reports. Such reports provide information on accomplishments, project participants (individual and organizational), publications, and other specific products and impacts of the project. Submission of the report via Research.gov constitutes certification by the PI that the contents of the report are accurate and complete. The project outcomes report also must subsist prepared and submitted using Research.gov. This report serves as a brief summary, prepared specifically for the public, of the nature and outcomes of the project. This report will subsist posted on the NSF website exactly as it is submitted by the PI.

    More comprehensive information on NSF Reporting Requirements and other well-known information on the administration of NSF awards is contained in the NSF Proposal & Award Policies & Procedures sheperd (PAPPG) Chapter VII, available electronically on the NSF Website at https://www.nsf.gov/publications/pub_summ.jsp?ods_key=pappg.

    VIII. AGENCY CONTACTS

    Please note that the program contact information is current at the time of publishing. note program website for any updates to the points of contact.

    General inquiries regarding this program should subsist made to:

    For questions related to the exhaust of FastLane, contact:

    For questions relating to Grants.gov contact:

  • Grants.gov Contact Center: If the Authorized Organizational Representatives (AOR) has not received a confirmation message from Grants.gov within 48 hours of submission of application, gladden contact via telephone: 1-800-518-4726; e-mail: support@grants.gov.

  • IX. OTHER INFORMATION

    The NSF website provides the most comprehensive source of information on NSF Directorates (including contact information), programs and funding opportunities. exhaust of this website by potential proposers is strongly encouraged. In addition, "NSF Update" is an information-delivery system designed to maintain potential proposers and other interested parties apprised of unusual NSF funding opportunities and publications, well-known changes in proposal and award policies and procedures, and upcoming NSF Grants Conferences. Subscribers are informed through e-mail or the user's Web browser each time unusual publications are issued that match their identified interests. "NSF Update" also is available on NSF's website.

    Grants.gov provides an additional electronic capability to search for Federal government-wide grant opportunities. NSF funding opportunities may subsist accessed via this mechanism. Further information on Grants.gov may subsist obtained at http://www.grants.gov.

    ABOUT THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

    The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent Federal agency created by the National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended (42 USC 1861-75). The Act states the purpose of the NSF is "to promote the progress of science; [and] to promote the national health, prosperity, and welfare by supporting research and education in complete fields of science and engineering."

    NSF funds research and education in most fields of science and engineering. It does this through grants and cooperative agreements to more than 2,000 colleges, universities, K-12 school systems, businesses, informal science organizations and other research organizations throughout the US. The Foundation accounts for about one-fourth of Federal support to academic institutions for basic research.

    NSF receives approximately 55,000 proposals each year for research, education and training projects, of which approximately 11,000 are funded. In addition, the Foundation receives several thousand applications for graduate and postdoctoral fellowships. The agency operates no laboratories itself but does support National Research Centers, user facilities, certain oceanographic vessels and Arctic and Antarctic research stations. The Foundation also supports cooperative research between universities and industry, US participation in international scientific and engineering efforts, and educational activities at every academic level.

    Facilitation Awards for Scientists and Engineers with Disabilities (FASED) provide funding for special assistance or equipment to enable persons with disabilities to labor on NSF-supported projects. note the NSF Proposal & Award Policies & Procedures sheperd Chapter II.E.6 for instructions regarding preparation of these types of proposals.

    The National Science Foundation has Telephonic Device for the Deaf (TDD) and Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) capabilities that enable individuals with hearing impairments to communicate with the Foundation about NSF programs, employment or common information. TDD may subsist accessed at (703) 292-5090 and (800) 281-8749, FIRS at (800) 877-8339.

    The National Science Foundation Information hub may subsist reached at (703) 292-5111.

    The National Science Foundation promotes and advances scientific progress in the United States by competitively awarding grants and cooperative agreements for research and education in the sciences, mathematics, and engineering.

    To procure the latest information about program deadlines, to download copies of NSF publications, and to access abstracts of awards, visit the NSF Website at https://www.nsf.gov

    2415 Eisenhower Avenue, Alexandria, VA 22314

  • For common Information (NSF Information Center):
  • (703) 292-5111

  • TDD (for the hearing-impaired):
  • (703) 292-5090

  • To Order Publications or Forms:
  • Send an e-mail to:

    nsfpubs@nsf.gov

    or telephone:

    (703) 292-7827

    (703) 292-5111

    PRIVACY ACT AND PUBLIC affliction STATEMENTS

    The information requested on proposal forms and project reports is solicited under the authority of the National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended. The information on proposal forms will subsist used in connection with the selection of qualified proposals; and project reports submitted by awardees will subsist used for program evaluation and reporting within the Executive arm and to Congress. The information requested may subsist disclosed to qualified reviewers and staff assistants as fraction of the proposal review process; to proposer institutions/grantees to provide or obtain data regarding the proposal review process, award decisions, or the administration of awards; to government contractors, experts, volunteers and researchers and educators as necessary to complete assigned work; to other government agencies or other entities needing information regarding applicants or nominees as fraction of a joint application review process, or in order to coordinate programs or policy; and to another Federal agency, court, or party in a court or Federal administrative proceeding if the government is a party. Information about Principal Investigators may subsist added to the Reviewer file and used to select potential candidates to serve as peer reviewers or advisory committee members. note Systems of Records, NSF-50, "Principal Investigator/Proposal File and Associated Records," 69 Federal Register 26410 (May 12, 2004), and NSF-51, "Reviewer/Proposal File and Associated Records," 69 Federal Register 26410 (May 12, 2004). Submission of the information is voluntary. Failure to provide complete and complete information, however, may reduce the possibility of receiving an award.

    An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, an information collection unless it displays a sound Office of Management and Budget (OMB) control number. The OMB control number for this collection is 3145-0058. Public reporting affliction for this collection of information is estimated to mediocre 120 hours per response, including the time for reviewing instructions. route comments regarding the affliction appraise and any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to:

    Suzanne H. PlimptonReports Clearance OfficerOffice of the common CounselNational Science FoundationAlexandria, VA 22314


    Debunking the Missile-Defense Myth | killexams.com true questions and Pass4sure dumps

    A report by the Pentagon's own Defense Science Board (DSB) has poured frosty water on U.S. missile-defense plans. It basically backs up what independent scientists and engineers absorb been saw for  decades: a dedicated adversary easily could subdue the planned system by using simple decoy warheads and other countermeasures. So while missile defense will create incentives for U.S. adversaries and competitors to up their ballistic-missile stockpiles, it won't provide any combat capability to counteract these enlarged arsenals.

    The simplest countermeasures to the planned missile defense are cheap inflatable balloons. Because the missile-defense interceptors try to strike ICBM warheads in the vacuum of space, any such balloons and the warhead would travel together, making it impossible to declare the decoys from the true thing . An enemy bent on delivering a nuclear payload to the United States could inflate many such balloons nearby the warhead and overwhelm the defense system by swamping it with fake signals.

    The DSB report says that “the instant of achieving liable . . . discrimination [between the warhead and decoys] cannot subsist overemphasized.” It underlined that missile defense is “predicated on the skill to discriminate” true warheads from other targets, “such as rocket bodies, miscellaneous hardware, and intentional countermeasures.” One pass around this challenge is to attempt to intercept the missile before it releases the warhead and decoys. But intercepting missiles in their boost phase, while the rocket booster is quiet firing, is “currently not feasible,” according to the DSB.

    There is a short interval between the time the missile stops burning and when the payload is released, assumed to subsist about one hundred seconds by the DSB. But, again, intercepting the missile in this window “requires Herculean exertion and is not realistically achievable, even under the most optimistic set of deployment, sensor capability, and missile technology assumptions.” The main problem the DSB organize is that missile-defense interceptors would not subsist able to attain the target quickly enough: “in most cases 100 seconds is too late” to preclude the release of decoys. And if “the defense should find itself in a situation where it is shooting at missile junk or decoys, the repercussion on the regional interceptor inventory would subsist stagy and devastating.” In short, the interceptor inventory would subsist exhausted in chasing decoy warheads.

    The latest tests of both the ground-based and sea-based missile-defense systems absorb failed—and these are rigged tests, where the intercept team knows the timing and trajectory of the incoming missile, and the missile has no decoys. There are no such luxuries in the true world, where adversaries launch amaze attacks and exhaust countermeasures and decoys. And on the very few occasions that the Missile Defense Agency (MDA) has tested countermeasures, even these carefully rigged tests absorb never succeeded. The sea-based missile-defense system also has never been tested in really jagged sea conditions and is known to subsist unreliable .

    How did such an untested and unworkable technology gain it so far in the DoD procurement process? Another recent government report, this one from the GAO, explains that instead of flying before buying, the MDA has been doing the exact opposite. Its cart-before-the-horse methodology has resulted in “unexpected cost increases, schedule delays, test problems, and performance shortfalls.”

    All told, the missile-defense program has cost more than the entire Apollo program without providing any credible combat capability against enemy ballistic missiles hosting simple countermeasures.

    The Reaction

    If missile defense is so dysfunctional and so simple to outfox, why enact U.S. adversaries emerge to subsist so concerned? The confess is simple: their military planners are hypercautious—as are the ones in the Pentagon—and must assume a worst-case scenario in which the system is highly effective.

    Missile defense will therefore strengthen the hands of overcautious, misinformed, opportunistic or hawkish elements within the Iranian and North Korean—as well as Russian and Chinese—political and military establishments. Both unknowable future circumstances and pressures from hawkish internal constituencies will pressure complete these regimes to increase deployed nuclear stockpiles and military expenditures.

    Since the interplay between strategic defense and strategic error is explicitly recognized in the unusual Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START) between the United States and Russia, it is highly improbable that Russia will ever accept NATO missile defense, even if it's dysfunctional. Any system that raises uncertainties about the strict poise of arms agreed upon in unusual START is a natural concern to both parties.

    The United States and NATO absorb repeatedly stated that the system is not directed at Russia and poses no threat to its nuclear-deterrent forces. And though NATO has invited the Russians to combine the program, there has been no consensus on the degree or the figure of that participation. Moscow prefers to develop a joint European missile-defense network with NATO to ensure that the elements of the system (in a number of European countries) will not threaten Russia’s national security. NATO, in contrast, proposes the creation of two entirely sever systems that would exchange information. To date, missile-defense talks between Russia and NATO are deadlocked over this contentious issue.



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    References :


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